Almonds

Almond Varieties

Aldrich

Semi-hard shell with good seal. Kernel is small to medium size. Tree is large size, upright growth characteristics.

0

+14


Avalon

Introduced in 1998 by Burchell Nursery. Semi-soft shell, well sealed. Kernel is mid-size, flat and light color. Tree is medium size, semi-upright growth habit. This almond variety was discovered as a chance seedling in the Atwater area in 1980 and later introduced by Burchell Nursery. Avalon exhibits a prolonged bloom, starting three days ahead of Nonpareil, and overlapping with Carmel. Harvest time is eight days after Nonpareil. Avalon is a variety to consider along with Nonpareil, Wood Colony, Price and Carmel.
$0.75 per tree royalty

-3

+8


Butte

Very productive. Shell is hard and well sealed. Kernel small and plump (similar to Mission). Tree is medium to large, somewhat spreading, but not as much as Nonpareil. The Almond Board of California and University of California’s regional variety test plots both confirm that Butte is one of the state’s top producers. Butte is ideal for a later bloom/harvest combination and works well in conjunction with a number of varieties.

+5

+15


Capitola (PP#19,369)

Beautiful California type kernel. Blooms perfectly ahead of nonpareil and harvests a few days after. Pollinates with Nonpareil and many other popular varieties. Capitola has been evaluated since 1996.
$0.75 per tree royalty

-1

+3


Carmel

Introduced in 1966 by Burchell Nursery. Heavy producer, shell is soft and well sealed. Kernel is large and elongated. Tree is small to medium size, not spreading but more upright than Nonpareil.

+2

+5


Kester

A UC Davis introduction that blooms approximately 4 days after Nonpareil and harvest 4 to 7 days after Nonpareil. Growth habit is vigorous and upright to spreading. Mature tree size is slightly smaller than Nonpareil.

+4

+7


Fritz

Introduced in 1969 by Burchell Nursery. Heavy producer, semi-soft shell. Kernel is small. Tree is medium size with upright growth characteristics.

0

+40


Livingston

Introduced in 1977 by Burchell Nursery. High producer. Paper-thin shell, well sealed. Kernel is mid-size. Tree is medium size, semi-upright, similar to Nonpareil. This variety has consistently displayed impressively high production. The nuts are easy to knock.

+3

+8


Marcona

A Spanish variety with a small, precocious habit. The shells are hard, making the nuts more difficult to shell, resulting in a weaker meat to shell ratio. However, Marcona meats are generally worth 20% more per pound than Nonpareil. Good compatibility with Sonora.

-7

+7


Pyrenees R Self-fertile Almond BA3 var. (PP#32,301)

A 2019 Burchell Nursery breeding program introduction with a medium sized nut in a semi-hard shell. Tree has a vigorous growth habit with open structure and is medium in size. High crack out of 50 – 55% with good in-shell use. Self-fertile tree harvests two (2) weeks after Nonpareil.

+3

+14


Mission (Texas)

Long-time popular variety in California. Consistent producer. Hard shell with a good seal. Kernel is small and plump. Tree is large and upright.

+7

+30


Monterey

Introduced in 1974 by Burchell Nursery. Heavy producer. Kernel is large and elongated. Semi-hard shell which is well sealed. Tree is small and spreading.

+1

+30


NePlus

Very large kernels, soft shell, easy to harvest. Susceptible to frost due to early bloom. Tree is mid-size with spreading, willowing growth characteristics.

-6

+14


Nonpareil

Most widely planted variety in California. Large paper-thin shell, flat kernel. Has high market demand. Nut removal is relatively easy. Tree is large and upright to spreading.

0

0


Padre

Introduced in 1983 by the University of California. Hard shell with a good seal. Kernel is small, plump. Tree is medium size and upright.

+5

+25


Bloom and harvest times are approximate and can vary due to climate, cultural practices, soil type etc.